Treatment options for melasma

Melasma

Many patients visit the skin care clinic in Dubai to reduce the appearance of blotches and discolored patches of skin. One of the most common types of skin discoloration among patients is Melasma. Melasma is where there are patches of skin discoloration that may appear darker or more tanned than an individual’s normal skin tone. Melasma is also known as “Chloasma faciei” and is  most often present in women who are pregnant and is referred to as the mask of pregnancy. These patches of darker or more-tanned skin tend to appear on the forehead, the cheeks, around the lips, and the nose and it is often mistaken for freckles or age spots. But brown spots on the face due to melasma typically will be larger, darker and have irregular shapes.

Melasma can affect anyone,  men or women, though women tend to be affected far more often than men. Melasma is particularly prevalent in pregnant women, who are taking certain contraceptives,  who are undergoing hormone therapy, and pre-menopausal women. Women with light brown skin are at a high risk of developing these discolored skin patches, explains a leading dermatologist in Dubai. Melasma is hereditary and individuals who have a history of family members having melasma are more likely to experience the condition given the genetic predisposition.

The main cause of melasma is believed to be the changes in hormones resulting in the stimulation of melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin. Other common causes include, exposure to the sun and thyroid problems that stimulate the melanocytes, resulting in the changes to the skin’s pigment. Also, the use of certain beauty products can lead to melasma, where the skin is irritated and the discoloration may be aggravated.

The good news is that there are many treatment options for melasma and patients have numerous ways of restoring even most aggressive pigments to their face. Some of the treatment options include,

  • Topical Medications – There are a variety of topical medications that are designed to lighten and treat the dark patches of skin  caused by melasma. A dermatologist at the International Medical Clinic in Dubai will help you with the best treatment options.

  • Chemical Peels – The treatment of chemical peeling in Dubai will help remove the topmost layer of skin in the treated areas, assisting with the lightening of dark patches wherever they are.

  • Microdermabrasion – This will remove the topmost layer of skin to promote the creation of healthier, smoother, and lighter skin.

Despite there being many treatment options available it’s best to take steps to prevent Melasma. In order to prevent melasma or reduce the severity of the pigmentation issues, the only option is to use a sunscreen and protect yourself from the sun as much as possible. Also, make sure to use beauty products that are mild and gentle on the skin so that it does not irritate the skin.

Under the care of an experienced dermatologist’s, patients with melasma will have a positive outcome. However, it may take a few months of treatment to see improvements.